Download PDF Language Variation in South Asia

Free download. Book file PDF easily for everyone and every device. You can download and read online Language Variation in South Asia file PDF Book only if you are registered here. And also you can download or read online all Book PDF file that related with Language Variation in South Asia book. Happy reading Language Variation in South Asia Bookeveryone. Download file Free Book PDF Language Variation in South Asia at Complete PDF Library. This Book have some digital formats such us :paperbook, ebook, kindle, epub, fb2 and another formats. Here is The CompletePDF Book Library. It's free to register here to get Book file PDF Language Variation in South Asia Pocket Guide.

Parts 6 and 7 are the shortest sections of the book, each containing only one chapter. This is followed by Sridhar s outlining of language modernization in Kannada in part 7 where he discusses linguistic processes, controversies, and implications for language modernization. The following section, Language and discourse, the longest unit in the book, has five chapters. In the first Y. Kachru presents a discussion on the role language plays in social and ethnic interaction.

Then Bhatia and Sharma explore how languages are represented in the legal system in the South Asian nations. Afterwards, Bhatia continues by coauthoring another chapter with Baumgardner where they present major issues of language use in media and advertising. Dissanayake then offers the linguistic structures and features of code switching in Indian cinemas, and Pandharipande finishes the section with ideology, power hierarchy, and language choice in contemporary South Asia. The next to last section of the book, Language and identity, begins with material by Valentine where she offers a discussion of the relationship between language and gender and explores in length the historical debate of dominance and difference in language use.

Valentine s work is followed by a chapter by Zelliot who presents the case of Dalits and how their literature constructs their identity, and the section is closed by Nair s exploration of the issues of language and youth culture in South Asian contexts.

South asia as a linguistic area

The section Languages in diaspora closes the text with chapters by Mesthrie and Sridhar. In this section, Mesthrie provides a discussion on a relocated South Asian population in South Africa, and Sridhar presents the cases of identity and assimilation of South Asians in Europe and the United States. The book s major strength lies in its comprehensive coverage and diversity of issues and controversies related to languages and people of South Asia.

The readers, however, will find that some language issues receive less or no attention e.

Navigation menu

Regardless, this interdisciplinary book will be equally useful for students and scholars, both novice and experienced, in areas such as, but not exclusive to, sociolinguistics, multilingualism, language planning, and South Asian Studies. Enter your email address below to receive updates each time we publish new journals and articles. Read More. Reviewed by Bal K. Sharma Tribhuvan University, Nepal The recently published volume Language in South Asia is a welcome contribution to the field of language and linguistics as it provides an extensive treatment of languages spoken in South Asian contexts.

Listen Now! Like us on Facebook. In the east, the Bengal region was split into Muslim East Bengal and Hindu West Bengal, by the colonial British empire, in early s, a split that was reversed. East Pakistan became Bangladesh in According to Saul Cohen, early colonial era strategists treated South Asia with East Asia, but in reality the South Asia region excluding Afghanistan is a distinct geopolitical region separated from other nearby geostrategic realms, one that is geographically diverse.

The tip of the Indian Peninsula had the highest quality pearls. The boundaries of South Asia vary based on how the region is defined. South Asia's northern, eastern, and western boundaries vary based on definitions used, while the Indian Ocean is the southern periphery. Most of this region rests on the Indian Plate and is isolated from the rest of Asia by mountain barriers. According to Robert M. The frontier of Greater South Asia, states Cutler, between — has been geopolitically extended to eastern Iran and western Afghanistan in the west, and in the north to northeastern Iran, northern Afghanistan, and southern Uzbekistan.

Most of this region is resting on the Indian Plate , the northerly portion of the Indo-Australian Plate , separated from the rest of the Eurasian Plate. The Indian Plate includes most of South Asia, forming a land mass which extends from the Himalayas into a portion of the basin under the Indian Ocean , including parts of South China and Eastern Indonesia , as well as Kunlun and Karakoram ranges, [] [] and extending up to but not including Ladakh , Kohistan , the Hindu Kush range and Balochistan.

It was once a small continent before colliding with the Eurasian Plate about 50—55 million years ago and giving birth to the Himalayan range and the Tibetan plateau. It is the peninsular region south of the Himalayas and Kuen Lun mountain ranges and east of the Indus River and the Iranian Plateau , extending southward into the Indian Ocean between the Arabian Sea to the southwest and the Bay of Bengal to the southeast.

The climate of this vast region varies considerably from area to area from tropical monsoon in the south to temperate in the north. The variety is influenced by not only the altitude, but also by factors such as proximity to the sea coast and the seasonal impact of the monsoons. Southern parts are mostly hot in summers and receive rain during monsoon periods. The northern belt of Indo-Gangetic plains also is hot in summer, but cooler in winter. The mountainous north is colder and receives snowfall at higher altitudes of Himalayan ranges.

As the Himalayas block the north-Asian bitter cold winds, the temperatures are considerably moderate in the plains down below. For most part, the climate of the region is called the Monsoon climate, which keeps the region humid during summer and dry during winter, and favours the cultivation of jute , tea , rice , and various vegetables in this region. South Asia is largely divided into four broad climate zones: []. South Asia depends critically on monsoon rainfall. The warmest period of the year precedes the monsoon season March to mid June.

In the summer the low pressures are centered over the Indus-Gangetic Plain and high wind from the Indian Ocean blows towards the center. The monsoons are second coolest season of the year because of high humidity and cloud covering. The change is violent. Moderately vigorous monsoon depressions form in the Bay of Bengal and make landfall from June to September. Below is the latest general statistical data for South Asian nations.

Their total population, area and GDPs have been cited along with their shares of percentage of this attribute of total South Asia in bracket. Republic of India accounts for most of landmass, population and GDP and hence, heavily influences average of South Asian development attributes. Sri Lanka and Maldives are leaders in the region in terms of Human Development Index and GDP per capita while Afghanistan scores lowest in terms of both the attributes in the region.

Population of South Asian countries in , , , , , and projection from the United Nations. The population projections use medium fertility index. With India and Bangladesh approaching replacement rates fast, population growth in South Asia is facing steep decline and may turn negative in mid 21st century. Population is given in thousands. This list includes dependent territories within their sovereign states including uninhabited territories , but does not include claims on Antarctica.

The population of South Asia is about 1. South Asia is home to some of the most populated cities in the world. Dhaka , Delhi , Mumbai and Karachi are four of the world's largest megacities.

Dating the Origin of Language Using Phonemic Diversity

There are numerous languages in South Asia. The spoken languages of the region are largely based on geography and shared across religious boundaries, but the written script is sharply divided by religious boundaries. Till , Muslim Bangladesh then known as East Pakistan too mandated only the Nastaliq script, but thereafter has adopted regional scripts and particularly Bengali.

Non-Muslims of South Asia, and some Muslims in India, on the other hand use their traditional ancient heritage scripts such as those derived from Brahmi script for Indo-European languages and non-Brahmi scripts for Dravidian languages and others. The Nagari script has been the primus inter pares of the traditional South Asian scripts. The spoken language is similar, but it is written in three scripts. The Gurmukhi and Nagari scripts are distinct but close in their structure, but the Persian Nastaliq script is very different.

English, with British spelling, is commonly used in urban areas and is a major economic lingua franca of South Asia. In , South Asia had the world's largest population of Hindus , Jains and Sikhs , [9] about million Muslims , [9] as well as over 25 million Buddhists and 35 million Christians. Indian religions are the religions that originated in the India; namely Hinduism , Jainism , Buddhism and Sikhism. Later Sindh , Balochistan , and parts of the Punjab region saw conquest by the Arab caliphates along with an influx of Muslims from Persia and Central Asia, which resulted in spread of both Shia and Sunni Islam in parts of northwestern region of South Asia.

It is the fastest growing major economy in the world and one of the world's fastest registering a growth of 7. It has the fastest GDP growth rate in Asia. It is one of the emerging and growth-leading economies of the world and It is also listed among the Next Eleven countries. It is also one of the fastest growing middle-income countries.

DEPARTMENTS

Then by Sri Lanka which has the 2nd highest per capita and is the 4th largest economy in the region. According to a World Bank report in , driven by a strong expansion in India, coupled with favorable oil prices, from the last quarter of South Asia become the fastest-growing region in the world []. Their attacks on immunization teams have claimed 78 lives since December Bhutan, Maldives and Sri Lanka have the lowest number of people below the poverty line, with 2. India has lifted the most people in the region above the poverty line between and , around million.

As of , The World Bank estimates that India is one of the highest ranking countries in the world for the number of children suffering from malnutrition. The prevalence of underweight children in India is among the highest in the world, and is nearly double that of Sub Saharan Africa with dire consequences for mobility, mortality, productivity and economic growth. In , approximately million people in the region were malnourished. In India, the malnourished comprise just over 15 percent of the population. While the number of malnourished people in neighborhood has shown a decline over the last 25 years, the number of under-nourished in Pakistan displays an upward trend.


  1. Emotional Intelligence;
  2. Introduction.
  3. Lord Brother: Part Two of The Ryel Saga.
  4. South Asia!
  5. LINGUIST List 15.2937?
  6. Language in South Asia - Asian EFL Journal : Asian EFL Journal?

There were Approximately The report stated "the low status of women in South Asian countries and their lack of nutritional knowledge are important determinants of high prevalence of underweight children in the region". Corruption and the lack of initiative on the part of the government has been one of the major problems associated with nutrition in India.

Illiteracy in villages has been found to be one of the major issues that need more government attention. The report mentioned that although there has been a reduction in malnutrition due to the Green Revolution in South Asia, there is concern that South Asia has "inadequate feeding and caring practices for young children".

India [] [] [] and Pakistan [] [] are the dominant political powers in the region. India is by far the largest country in the area covering around three-fourths the land area of the South Asian region. Bangladesh is a unitary state and parliamentary democracy. Although Bangladesh's legal code is secular , more citizens are embracing a conservative version of Islam , with some pushing for sharia law , analysts say.

Experts say that the rise in conservatism reflects the influence of foreign-financed Islamic charities and the more austere version of Islam brought home by migrant workers in Persian Gulf countries. Diplomacy among the countries of South Asia has been mainly driven by populist politics , with the centre-stage taken by India - Pakistan conflict ever since their independence in , and then the creation of Bangladesh under tense circumstances in Pakistan's governance is one of the most conflicted in the region.

The military rule and the unstable government in Pakistan has become a concern for the South Asian region. In Nepal , the governance has struggled to come in the side of democracy and it only showed signs in the recent past, basically in the 21st century, to support the democratic system. The political situation in Sri Lanka has been dominated by an increasingly assertive Sinhalese nationalism, and the emergence of a Tamil separatist movement under LTTE , which was suppressed in May Myanmar 's politics is dominated by a military Junta , which has sidelined the democratic forces led by Aung San Suu Kyi.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Southern region of Asia. Official languages. Ja Basawa. Kannada Malayalam Tamil Telugu. Turkmen Uzbek. Maldives Pakistan. India Sri Lanka. Bangladesh Bhutan. Definition by South Asian Studies programs. Main article: Indian subcontinent. Main article: Indian plate. Af Tropical rainforest. Am Tropical monsoon. BWh Hot desert. BWk Cold desert.

BSh Hot semi arid. BSk Cold semi arid. Csa Mediterranean , dry, hot summer. Cfa Subtropical , humid. Cwa Subtropical , humid summer, dry winter. Cwb Subtropical highland , dry winter. Dsa Continental , hot summer. Dsb Continental , warm summer. Dwb Continental , dry winter. Dwc Continental Subarctic , dry winter. See also: List of countries by past and future population and Demographic Transition.

See also: Exclusive economic zone and Indian Ocean. Main article: Languages of South Asia. See also: List of legislatures in South Asia. Asia portal. Remarkable cave paintings have been preserved from Mesolithic sites dating from c. The worship of certain plants and animals as sacred, for instance, could very likely have very great antiquity.

The worship of goddesses, too, a part of Hinduism today, may be a feature that originated in the Neolithic. Retrieved 10 September Regional and Country Profiles South Asia. Institute of Development Studies. Archived from the original on 20 May Retrieved 28 February United Nations Statistics Division. Archived from the original on 17 April Retrieved 31 January Institute of Development Studies Archived from the original on 15 June Archived from the original on 10 November Retrieved 5 November Archived from the original on 1 June Archived from the original on 17 November BBC News.

Archived from the original on 29 July Retrieved 21 July Archived from the original on 5 September The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 2 April Retrieved 4 March Archived from the original on 16 December Retrieved 17 December South Asian Regional Development Gateway.

Archived from the original on 21 November Cancer control efforts in the Indian subcontinent. Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology. Encyclopedia of Modern Asia. The total area can be estimated at 4.

Shu-Chin Su

In , the total population was about 22 percent of the world's population and 34 percent of the population of Asia. Archived from the original on 10 October Retrieved 13 March Archived from the original on 4 May Retrieved 7 February Cooperation and Conflict in South Asia. Technical Publications. Archived from the original on 16 May Retrieved 12 August Kluwer Law International.

Archived from the original on 7 October Retrieved 11 December Anderson; Liam D. Anderson An Atlas of Middle Eastern Affairs. Archived from the original on 13 December Retrieved 9 December However, Afghanistan, also a Muslim state, is then left in isolation. It is not accepted as a part of Central Asia and it is clearly not part of the Indian subcontinent". Palgrave Macmillan. Nuclear Nonproliferation.

Infobase Publishing. The History of India. Greenwood Publishing Group. Archived from the original on 17 May Retrieved 19 July Historically forming the whole territory of greater India, the region is now divided between India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh. Sri Lanka, an island off the southeastern tip of the Indian peninsula, is often considered a part of the subcontinent. Encyclopedia of World Geography Vol. Marshall Cavendish. Archived from the original on 27 September Retrieved 23 August Baker and Graham P.

Current Affairs — Security Watch. Archived from the original on 14 June Retrieved 6 April The Economic Times. Archived from the original on 18 December Retrieved 17 March Retrieved 20 March Archived from the original on 15 March Archived from the original on 20 December Retrieved 16 December Archived from the original on 1 November Archived from the original on 12 November Archived from the original on 13 November Archived from the original on 13 July Retrieved 19 August Archived from the original on 11 July Retrieved 25 August Timothy and Gyan P.

Oxford English Dictionary 3rd ed. Oxford University Press. September Subscription or UK public library membership required. Applications of Palaeontology: Techniques and Case Studies. Cambridge University Press. Cooper Archived from the original on 19 September Genomics and Health in the Developing World. Archived from the original on 21 February University of Toronto Press. Inden, Imagining India , page 51, C. World Religions in America: An Introduction. Westminster John Knox Press.

William Bright, Language Variation in South Asia - PhilPapers

Archived from the original on 18 April Retrieved 26 December Archived from the original on 26 November Metropolitan Museum of Art. Archived from the original on 23 December History of Civilizations of Central Asia. Yale University Press. Handbook of Oriental Studies. Houghton Mifflin. Spink Archived from the original on 29 June Archived from the original on 9 December Not only is the Ellora complex a unique artistic creation and a technological exploit but, with its sanctuaries devoted to Buddhism, Hinduism and Jainism, it illustrates the spirit of tolerance that was characteristic of ancient India.

Carving Devotion in the Jain Caves at Ellora. Archived from the original on 5 February Government of Pakistan. Archived from the original on 23 July Retrieved 9 January Sam Mu'izz Al-Din, T. Haig, Encyclopaedia of Islam, Vol. VII, ed. Bosworth, E. Heinrichs and C. Bangladesh: Politics, Economy and Civil Society.

In A History of India. Routledge 4th edition. A history of South India from prehistoric times to the fall of Vijayanagar. Assam's history and its graphics. Bosworth New Islamic Dynasties. Edinburgh University Press.

Retrieved 26 June Architecture of Mughal India. Archived from the original on 18 May Retrieved 27 December Harrison , Peter L. Berger Developing cultures: case studies. Archived from the original on 28 March Retrieved 28 March