At its widest the United Kingdom is miles km across. From the northern tip of Scotland to the southern coast of England, it is about miles 1, km. No part is more than 75 miles km from the sea.
United Kingdom | History, Geography, Facts, & Points of Interest | pykiwukonaxo.tk
The capital, London, is situated on the tidal River Thames in southeastern England. The archipelago formed by Great Britain and the numerous smaller islands is as irregular in shape as it is diverse in geology and landscape. This diversity stems largely from the nature and disposition of the underlying rocks, which are westward extensions of European structures, with the shallow waters of the Strait of Dover and the North Sea concealing former land links.
Northern Ireland contains a westward extension of the rock structures of Scotland. These common rock structures are breached by the narrow North Channel.
On a global scale, this natural endowment covers a small area—approximating that of the U. The peoples who, over the centuries, have hewed an existence from this Atlantic extremity of Eurasia have put their own imprint on the environment , and the ancient and distinctive palimpsest of their field patterns and settlements complements the natural diversity. Great Britain is traditionally divided into a highland and a lowland zone. A line running from the mouth of the River Exe , in the southwest, to that of the Tees, in the northeast, is a crude expression of this division.
The course of the foot metre contour , or of the boundary separating the older rocks of the north and west from the younger southeastern strata, provides a more accurate indication of the extent of the highlands.
Geographies of Division in Urban Britain
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Stock Image. Published by Routledge, London, Used Condition: Very Good Soft cover. Save for Later. About this Item Offers an introduction to processes of urban restructuring, geographies of division and contemporary conditions within the city; crease to bottom left corner rear cover, name and stamp to top of fep, actual text bright and unmarked and spine uncreased; very good working copy; pp xvii, Bookseller Inventory Ask Seller a Question.
About this title Synopsis: Uneven distribution of life is a dominant feature of the city. More Information. Newcastle and nearby Blyth displayed the same pattern.
India and Colonialism
Equally, the general election pointed to marked differences between how each of the parties performed in our towns and cities. Labour performed very strongly in university towns like Canterbury and Lancaster whilst the Conservatives performed better than expected in ageing former industrial towns like Mansfield and Middlesbrough.
In all those places, and more places besides, the trend holds. Towns across the UK are being emptied of their young people as they seek out better lives elsewhere. Over time, our towns get older.
At present the two baby-boom echoes from the s and s, together with more recent inward migration, are holding the populations of the evacuated towns steady. The baby-boomers will pass away, even as Brexit is likely to reduce levels of immigration. This week the Centre For Towns explained this phenomenon by releasing new data showing how an ageing population is not evenly distributed across the United Kingdom, but that our villages, small and medium towns are getting older and older whilst our cities and larger towns are going in the opposite direction.
At the same time, in another important demographic sort, young professionals in their early thirties are leaving London and moving to commuter towns with more affordable housing in places like Canterbury, Luton, Crawley and High Wycombe. Almost 13, people moved from London to Luton in the last three years alone, whilst almost 14, moved to London to Canterbury.
London is increasingly a staging post on a journey; young people from our smaller towns head to the city, graduate, gain employment and empty out into the rest of the south east.
Professor Jon May
The net effect of these demographic sorting events combined with an increasingly volatile electorate have powerful implications for our democracy. More importantly, they pose questions about the nature of our economic settlement. In the process of empowering city regions, are we simply increasing the speed of the escalator taking young people away from our towns?
If so, what are we to do with the towns evacuated by those young people? These effects are not unique to the United Kingdom, but they do pose significant challenges for public policy.
The Centre For Towns exists to respond to those challenges. Ian Warren is director of Election Data, a consultancy specialising in election analysis, cartography and demographic segmentation. He has worked for all of the main parties, including at Labour HQ during the general election campaign.